alerte e avvisi

Ore 16,05 del 23 dicembre, scossa di terremoto in Emilia, 5,1 Richter


On 12/23/2008 3:24:23 PM UTC (about 16:05h local time) an earthquake of magnitude 5.3 occurred in the very highly populated region of Emilia-Romagna in Italy. The earthquake happened 19km from Bugojno. The nearest populated places are: Mokronoge (19km), Zvirnjaca (15km), Baljci (13km), Zahum (18km), Suica (12km), Donje Ravno (11km), Begovac (14km), Donji Malovan (9km), Gornje Vukovsko (11km), Rilic (2km), Dolnje Vukovsko (4km), Gornji Malovan (4km), Ivica (14km), Mracaj (8km), Kordici (16km), Begovo Selo (6km), Ost (19km), Zlosela (9km), Kupres (9km), Vesela (17km), Bajramovci (18km), Porice (16km), Rasticevo (15km). The closest civilian airport is Sinj (55km).

Potentially affected critical infrastructure:

  • Nuclear plants: [None]
  • Hydrodams: Rama (29km), Trebisnjica (158km), Drina (182km), Piva (144km), Neretva (45km), Cotina (52km)
  • Airports: Dubrovnik (172km), Ploce (100km), Zabljak (182km), Mostar (85km), Brac (86km), Split (90km), Sinj (55km), Sarajevo Butmir (85km), Lepa Glava (194km), Zadar (155km), Sepurine Training Base (172km), Tuzla West (125km), Tucuma (129km), Udbina (139km), Bihac (156km), Otocac (188km), Gornji (153km), Banja Luka (112km), Siena (169km), Pontedera (111km), Pisa Galileo Galilei (106km), Florence Peretola (113km)
  • Ports: Zelenika (2km), Risan (2km), Dubrovnik (2km), Lastovo (1km), Siano (1km), Korkula (1km), Vela Luka (1km), Kardeljevo (1km), Vis Island (1km), Metkovic (1km), Hvar (1km), Makarska (1km), Pucisce (1km), Maslenica (1km), Omis (1km), Split (1km), Trogir (1km), Vranjic (1km), Sibenik (1km), Zadar (2km), Maslenica (2km), Pag (2km), Karlobag (2km)

Whether international humanitarian aid is needed must be decided by an expert. However, the following automatically calculated elements can help. This earthquake has potentially a low humanitarian impact and the affected region has low vulnerability to natural disasters.
Humanitarian Impact alt 
Vulnerability alt 

Event Date Univ. Time: Tue, 12/23/2008 15:24 UTC
European Time of the event: Tue, 12/23/2008 16:24 CET (Brussels, Paris, Rome)
East America Time of the event: Tue, 12/23/2008 10:24 EST (New York, Washington)
West America Time of the event: Tue, 12/23/2008 07:24 PST (San Francisco, Los Angeles)
East Asia Time of the event: Wed, 12/24/2008 00:24 JTI (Tokyo)
This email report was automatically created by a computer at: 12/23/2008 4:00:24 PM UTC (36 minutes after the event)

See the GDACS website for live news coverage (including OCHA Situation Reports), the full earthquake report .

For information on emergency response, please consult the GDACS Virtual OSOCC.

Earthquake Event
  • Source: World Data Centre for Seismology, Denver (NEIC) M
  • Magnitude: 5.3 M
  • Depth: 28.9 km
  • Location (Lat/Long): 44.6385 | 10.3802
  • Country: Italy
  • Province: Emilia-Romagna
  • Region: Italy
  • UTC/GMT (Greenwich time): 12/23/2008 3:24:23 PM
  • Estimated local solar time: 12/23/2008 4:05:54 PM 

altPopulation Density near epicenter (people/km2). Image area: 6x4 decimal degrees (approx. 650x450km2).

Earthquake Impact Details
Potentially affected People

Population Data

Radius (km) Population Density (people/km2)
1 995  995 
2 4169  331 
5 11470  146 
10 52884  168 
20 319041  253 
50 1434769  182 
100 5747714  182 
200 22865290  181 

The population in the area of this earthquake is 182 people/km2.

The earthquake occurred at 16h local time. At this time a day, more people are at work and therefore more vulnerable to collapsing office buildings. During traffic hours, people can be affected by collapsing bridges and other road infrastructure.

Resilience and Vulnerability

Resilience is the capacity of the population to cope with a hazard. Since much of investments in earthquake preparedness and available funds for quick response is related to household income, the GDP per capita can be used as a rough indicator of resilience.

Italy has a GDP per capita of 20174 PPP$ (Parity Purchasing Power Dollar, about 1 Euro) and is therefore part of the high level income countries. Therefore, the earthquake happened in an area of high resilience.

Based on the combination of 9 indicators, ECHO attributes Italy a low vulnerability.

Secondary effects
Probability of secondary effects:
  • alt Landslides: The maximum slope in the area of the earthquake is 41.849% and the maximum altitude is 1973 m. Since this is a medium slope, the risk of earthquake induced landslides is medium. Note, however, that the slope data is not reliable on a local scale, while landslides depend very much on local topography, soil and meteorological conditions.
  • alt Nuclear power plants: There are no nuclear facilities nearby the epicenter.
  • alt Hydrodams: The following hydrodam installations are near the epicenter: Rama (29km), Trebisnjica (158km), Drina (182km), Piva (144km), Neretva (45km), Cotina (52km)
  • alt Tsunami: No tsunami risk.

      The earthquake did not happen in an ocean basin.

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